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无铅压电陶瓷的结构与电性能
作者:沈万程 沈宗洋 李月明 王竹梅 骆雯琴 宋福生 
单位:景德镇陶瓷学院材料科学与工程学院 江西省先进陶瓷材料重点实验室 江西 景德镇 333403 
关键词:无铅压电陶瓷 铌酸钾钠 锆酸铋钠 多型相转变 阻抗谱 
分类号:TQ174
出版年,卷(期):页码:2016,44(3):367-374
DOI:10.14062/j.issn.0454-5648.2016.03.03
摘要:

?采用固相法制备0.96(K0.49Na0.51–xLix)(Nb0.97Ta0.03)O3–0.04Bi0.5Na0.5ZrO3 (0.96KNNTLx–0.04BNZ,x=0.00,0.01,0.02,0.03,0.04)无铅压电陶瓷,研究Li掺杂量对0.96KNNTLx–0.04BNZ陶瓷相结构、微观形貌和电性能的影响。结果表明:0.96KNNTLx–0.04BNZ陶瓷为纯钙钛矿结构,随着Li掺杂量x的增加,陶瓷由正交–四方两相共存逐渐转变为四方相。在x≤0.01时,陶瓷为正交–四方两相共存的多型相转变(polymorphic phase transition,PPT)结构;当x≥0.02时,陶瓷转变为四方相结构。在PPT向四方相转变的组成边界(x=0.02)处,陶瓷具有优异的电性能:压电常数d33=335 pC/N,机电耦合系数kp=38.40%,机械品质因数Qm=43,介电常数εT33/ε0=1 350,介电损耗tanδ=2.70%,剩余极化强度Pr=23.50 µC/cm2,矫顽场Ec=1.52 kV/mm,Curie温度TC=325 ℃。分析了组成x=0.02的陶瓷在不同温度和不同频率下的交流阻抗谱,表明晶粒和晶界对电传导机制共同起作用,介电弛豫激活能与高温下氧空位移动的激活能相吻合,Erelax=1.15 eV。

 

 0.96(K0.49Na0.51–xLix)(Nb0.97Ta0.03)O3–0.04Bi0.5Na0.5ZrO3 (0.96KNNTLx–0.04BNZ, x=0.00, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04) lead-free piezoelectric ceramics were prepared via a solid state reaction method. The effect of Li doping amount x on the crystal structure, microstructure and electrical properties of the ceramics was investigated. The results indicate that all the samples possess a pure perovskite structure. The phase structure of the ceramics gradually changes from the coexisted orthorhombic and tetragonal phases to tetragonal phase when Li doping amount x increases. A polymorphic phase transition (PPT) structure with the coexisted orthorhombic and tetragonal phases appears when x≤0.01, while the structure is transformed to tetragonal phase when x≥0.02. The ceramics when x=0.02 on the compositional side from PPT to tetragonal exhibit the optimal electrical properties i.e., piezoelectric coefficient d33 of 335 pC/N, planar electromechanical coupling kp of 38.40%, mechanical quality factor Qm of 43, dielectric permittivity εT33/ε0 of 1 350, dielectric loss tanδ of 2.70%, remnant polarization Pr of 23.50 µC/cm2, coercive field Ec of 1.52 kV/mm, and the Curie temperature TC of 325 ℃ as well. The complex impedance spectra of the ceramics when x=0.02 were measured at different temperatures and frequencies, and it is indicated that the conduction mechanism is referred to both the grains and the grain boundaries. The activation energy for dielectric relaxation calculated is 1.15 eV, which well coincides with the activation energy associated with the movement of the oxygen vacancy at a high temperature.

 
基金项目:
国家自然科学基金(51262011);江西省科技支撑计划(20132BBE50014);江西省高等学校科技落地计划(KJLD13076);江西省青年科学家“井冈之星”培养对象计划(20142BCB23020);江西省研究生创新基金(YC2014-S302)资助。
作者简介:
沈万程(1990—),男,硕士研究生。
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