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柔性光纤束酸溶玻璃的组成及酸溶机理
作者:李佳隆1 刘秀玲1 秦鼎然1 王鑫1 郭艳艳1 张军杰2 
单位:1. 长春理工大学材料科学与工程学院 长春 130022 2. 中国计量大学材料科学与工程学院 杭州 310018 
关键词:酸溶法 酸溶速率 酸溶机理 柔性光纤 玻璃组成 
分类号:TB484.5
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,46(11):0-0
DOI:10.14062/j.issn.0454-5648.2018.11.03
摘要:

 在酸溶玻璃组成研究的基础上,通过扫描电镜、能谱仪及电感耦合等离子体光谱仪等测试,研究了硼硅酸盐玻璃的酸溶机理。结果表明:当SiO2与B2O3质量比为1:4时,玻璃的酸溶效果最好,且在H2SO4与HNO3的摩尔比为2:1的混合酸溶液中,玻璃的酸溶速率最快;在硼(B)含量低于61%时,B含量的提高有利于酸溶速率的增加。促进酸溶进行的两个要素是金属离子与H+离子的交换和[BO3]与H2O的反应。

 The acid dissolving mechanism of boro-silicate glass was investigated by scanning electron microscopy , energy dispersive spectrum and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, respectively. The results show that the acid solubility of boro-silicate glass is optimized when the mass ratio of SiO2 and B2O3 is 1:4. Also, the fastest acid dissolving rate of boro-silicate glass is achieved in a mixed acid solution of H2SO4 and HNO3 when the molar ratio of H2SO4 to HNO3 is 2:1. Increasing the B content before 61% is beneficial to acid dissolving. Two major factors, i.e., ion exchange occuring between metal and hydrogen ions and the chemical reaction between [BO3] and H2O, accelerate the process of acid dissolving.

基金项目:
国家科技部重点研发专项(2016YFB0303804);大学生创新创业训练计划项目(2017S051)。
作者简介:
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