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钧瓷窑变釉的形成及呈色机理
作者:汪加欢 王芬 施佩 张彪 卢博 贺鹏 赵旭 
单位:陕西科技大学材料科学与工程学院 西安 710021 
关键词:钧瓷 一窑同配方 窑变釉 呈色机理 
分类号:TQ174.72
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,46(12):0-0
DOI:10.14062/j.issn.0454-5648.2018.12.11
摘要:

 以生料石灰碱釉为基础,通过三角配料法,确定了钧瓷窑变釉的最佳配方。以同一配方釉在同一窑炉中烧制出紫红色、蓝紫色的窑变釉。利用色度仪、X射线衍射、扫描电子显微镜、Raman光谱仪、X射线光电子能谱和紫外–可见–近红外分光光度计,研究了仿钧瓷窑变釉的形成及呈色机理。结果表明:同一配方样品在窑中摆放的位置不同,表现为温度以及气氛不同,导致其微观结构以及着色元素价态不同,从而形成钧瓷窑变釉;此外,窑变釉的成色原因是氧化铁和氧化铜共同参与形成的,其中不仅仅只有离子着色,还有结构成色的参与。成功的解释了钧瓷窑变釉的形成原因及呈色机理,为钧瓷窑变釉的复仿制提供了科学依据。

 Based on the raw lime-based glaze, the formulation of fambe glaze of Jun porcelain was optimized by a triangular batching method. A purple red and blue purple fambe glazes were fired in the same kiln with the same formula glaze. The formation and coloration mechanism of glazes in fambe glaze of Jun porcelain were characterized by colorimeter, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and UV–visible–near-infrared spectrophotometry, respectively. The results show that the different placement of sample in the kiln at different temperatures and atmospheres results in different microstructures and valence states of the coloring elements, thus forming a kiln with the same formulation and different fambe glazes. In addition, the coloring of the fambe glaze is due to the presence of both iron oxides and copper oxides, including ionic coloring as well as the participation of structural coloring. The formation and coloration mechanism in fambe glaze of Jun porcelain was discussed, providing a scientific basis for the replicating system of enamel kiln glaze.

基金项目:
国家自然科学基金(51472153);陕西省科技统筹创新工程项目 (2017TSCXL-GY-07-05)。
作者简介:
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