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新疆塔县石英岩玉的组成、结构与颜色成因
作者: 倩1 廖宗廷1 2 3  萌1  笛1  凌1 周征宇1 2 3 张灵敏1 
单位:(1. 同济大学海洋与地球科学学院 上海 200092 2. 同济大学宝石及工艺材料实验室 上海 200092  3. 上海宝石及材料工艺工程技术研究中心 上海 200092) 
关键词:α-石英 Raman光谱 石英岩玉 一阶导数光谱 
分类号:P575.4;P619.28+.3
出版年,卷(期):页码:2020,48(1):0-0
DOI:
摘要:

 选取新疆塔县石英岩玉为研究对象,采用偏光显微镜、电子探针、激光Raman光谱仪和紫外-可见-近红外吸收光谱仪就其矿物组成、化学成分、显微结构及谱学特征进行测试分析,并对颜色成因予以探讨。结果表明:塔县石英岩玉的主要矿物组成为α-石英,具粒状变晶结构,并含有不等量绿帘石、白云石、斜绿泥石、榍石、钾长石及黄铁矿、黄铜矿、赤铁矿、针铁矿等次要矿物。塔县石英岩玉的绿色主要由致色矿物绿帘石晶体结构中Fe3+的d–d电子跃迁和Fe2+—Fe3+电荷转移引起;黄色和褐红色主要归因于石英颗粒间隙或裂隙中的纳–微米级针铁矿和赤铁矿,其紫外-可见-近红外吸收光谱的一阶导数光谱分别具有433~434 nm、512~538 nm和591 nm特征峰。

基金项目:
上海市科委科研计划项目(15DZ2283200,18DZ2281300)。
作者简介:
参考文献:

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