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三(氯异丙基)磷酸酯与钠基蒙脱石的凝胶化及其纳米结构
作者:刘珊珊1 周智明1 杨荣杰2 
单位:三(氯异丙基)磷酸酯 蒙脱石 凝胶化 纳米结构 阻燃剂 
关键词:O648 
分类号:O648
出版年,卷(期):页码:2020,48(2):0-0
DOI:
摘要:

 以三(氯异丙基)磷酸酯(TCPP)和钠基蒙脱石(NaMMT)为原料,制备了一种新型阻燃剂T-Na纳米复合凝胶。研究了TCPP/NaMMT质量比、水分、温度对其凝胶化的影响。采用直接观察、X射线衍射、热重分析和透射电子显微镜并对纳米复合凝胶稳定性及纳米结构进行了分析,并研究了T-Na纳米复合凝胶对甲苯等有机溶剂的吸收作用。用透射电子显微镜观察了T-Na的纳米复合凝胶在聚氨酯弹性体(TPU)复合材料中层状NaMMT的分散;用锥形量热仪(CONE)研究了T-Na纳米复合阻燃剂对TPU的阻燃效果。结果表明:TCPP与NaMMT质量比为2:1~7:1时形成稳定的纳米复合凝胶,NaMMT的层间距由0.98 nm增加到3.15 nm;水分的存在和升高温度能够加速TCPP与NaMMT的凝胶化;在T-Na凝胶中,存在与NaMMT有强相互作用的TCPP,其与NaMMT的质量比约为1:5.5~5.7;T-Na凝胶能够吸收大量甲苯;在T-Na凝胶与TPU复合物中,NaMMT实现了部分的剥离和插层共存的纳米分散效果,锥形量热仪测试表明相对纯NaMMT和TCPP,T-Na纳米复合阻燃剂对TPU阻燃效果更理想。

基金项目:
国家国际科技合作专项赞助(2014DFA52900)。
作者简介:
参考文献:

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